• Acknowledgements
  • Introduction
  • Character Strengths
  • Mindfulness
  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Download
  • Translations

    The modern positive psychology movement began in the late 1990s.   Dr. Martin Seligman, who was at the time president of the American psychiatric association, felt that the current field of psychology was too focused on diagnosing and treating psychological disorders and getting patients back to “normal”.   Seligman decided to explore the roots of wellness and optimal functioning. Instead of focusing primarily on “What is wrong with you?” positive psychology chooses to focus not just on the absence of misery, but on character strengths and factors that lead to well-being and optimal happiness. In other words, “What is right with you?”.  

    In his book, Flourish, Dr. Seligman introduced the acronym PERMA to reflect 5 elements of well-being. 

    Here is a video of Dr. Seligman discussing PERMA: 

    Experiencing GratitudeExperiencing Gratitude - Intermediate LowExperiencing Gratitude - Intermediate HighResilienceResilience - Novice HighResilience - Intermediate HighActive Constructive RespondingActive Constructive Responding - Novice HighActive Constructive Responding - Intermediate HighServiceService - Novice High Service - Intermediate HighGoalsGoals - Novice HighGoals - Intermediate HighExpressing GratitudeExpressing Gratitude - Novice HighExpressing Gratitude - Intermediate HighPerseverancePerseverance - Novice HighPerseverance - Intermediate HighKindnessKindness - Novice HighKindness - Intermediate HighVolunteerismVolunteerism - Novice HighVolunteerism - Intermediate HighHopeHope - Novice HighHope - Intermediate High

    This content is provided to you freely by Ensign College.

    Access it online or download it at https://ensign.edtechbooks.org/PositivePsychologyintheClassroom/perma.